Gangtok, 29 Mar:
Three-day skill development programme on “Pig Farming for Rural Employment Generation in Sikkim” was organized by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, East Sikkim, at ICAR-NOFRI in Tadong, Gangtok from 26-28 Mar, a press release informs.
The programme was attended by 20 beneficiaries of Tribal Sub Plan [TSP] project from eight villages of East Sikkim. Under the project, 20 low cost deep litter pig sties were also constructed in the farm premises of selected beneficiaries along with the distribution of a pair of quality weaned piglets to establish small pig breeding unit at village.
Coordinating the valedictory programme, Subject Matter Specialist [Animal Science], Dr Prasanta K Pathak, highlighted the benefits of pig farming under low cost deep litter housing system. This system is economical as capital cost is reduced by 70-80%, provides good micro-environment, preserves natural behavior of animal, low occurrence of disease incidence, sows show good mothering character leading to less piglet mortality, obtain higher productivity and is an odour less system as compared to conventional pig farming, he said.
The programme covered 11 lectures on scientific housing, breeding, feeding, health management of pig and livestock based organic crop and vegetable production. During the training programme, the participants also visited the ICAR-NOFRI Research Farm and were briefed about the scientific agricultural practices.
Joint Director, ICAR-NOFRI, Dr RK Avasthe, addressed the gathering and highlighted the importance of pig farming especially when the government is pushing for doubling farmers’ income by 2022. In such circumstances, it was stated that the importance of animal husbandry is paramount. Participants were encouraged to undertake livestock farming as an enterprise for being self employed and to make Sikkim self-sufficient in milk, meat and egg production.
Director [Veterinary Services], Animal Husbandry, Livestock, Fisheries & Veterinary Sciences, Dr NT Bhutia, who attended the event as chief guest, lauded the efforts of KVK, East Sikkim and ICAR-NOFRI in developing the piggery sector in the State by developing and popularizing new low cost housing system model.
Dr Bhutia urged the farmers to undertake pig farming as an enterprise for self employment and economic development of the rural households. He also informed the house that one pig slaughter house with a capacity of 200 pigs per day is being developed in Sikkim.
Likewise, Senior Scientist, Animal Reproduction, Dr Rafiqul Islam, briefed about low cost pig house under deep litter system which is designed and developed in ICAR-NOFRI, Tadong, with locally available natural resources for high rainfall, mid and high altitude areas. He also elaborated on the importance of scientific production in rural Sikkim.
Later, each participant was provided important de-worming medicines, essential vitamins and mineral mixture along with participation certificates.