Gangtok, 04 Jul:
Sikkim University’s Dr Hare Krishna Tiwari and research scholar, Ashish Kumar Singh’s work on ‘Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistance in Commensal Escherichia coli among the children in Rural Hill Communities of North East India’ has been published in the international journal PLOS ONE on 18 Jun, a press release informs.
The duo had designed a research work in collaboration with Rural Management and Development Department, Government of Sikkim to assess the antimicrobial resistance burden in children and to find out the probable causes.
During the research, 550 pre and post- school going students of rural areas of Sikkim were investigated for the presence of antimicrobial- resistant bacteria in their stool samples.
Mothers were also interviewed about the use of antibiotics in their daily life.
Dr Tiwari and his team found out that 80- 90% of bacteria showed resistance to common antibiotics like Ampicillin, Amoxycillin, Cefoxitin and Ceftazidime. The bacteria from the female children were found to be more resistant than the male children. Children from nuclear families were more prone to carry antibiotic- resistant bacteria than the joint families.
Interestingly, mothers’ education was also found to have played an important role in the spread of antibiotic resistance as children of graduate mothers showed less resistance compared to the children whose mothers had education up to the higher secondary level.